What is the basis for valve selection


Nowadays, there are more and more valves on the market, […]

Nowadays, there are more and more valves on the market, the types of  Ball Valve are particularly complex, and the structures and materials are all different. The selection of the valve is very important for the long-term operation of the device in the working condition. Improper selection of valves and users' ignorance of valves are the source of accidents and safety threats. Nowadays, the demand for valve products in the social industry is becoming more and more extensive, and users should have a further understanding and cognition of knowledge about valves and other aspects. Use characteristics: It determines the main performance and scope of use of the valve. The characteristics of the valve are: valve category (closed circuit valve, regulating valve, safety valve, etc.); product type (gate valve, globe valve, butterfly valve, ball valve, etc.) ; Material of the main parts of the valve (valve body, bonnet, valve stem, valve disc, sealing surface); valve transmission mode, etc.


Structural characteristics: It determines the structural characteristics of the valve installation, repair, maintenance and other methods. The structural characteristics include: the structural length and overall height of the valve, the connection form with the pipeline (flange connection, threaded connection, clamp connection, External thread connection, welding end connection, etc.); the form of the sealing surface (inlay ring, threaded ring, surfacing, spray welding, valve body); the structure of the valve stem (rotating rod, lifting rod), etc.


Valve selection steps:

1. Clarify the purpose of the valve in the equipment or device, and determine the working conditions of the valve: applicable medium, working pressure, working temperature, etc.

2. Determine the nominal diameter and connection method of the pipe connected to the valve: flange, thread, welding, ferrule, quick installation, etc.

3. Determine the way to operate the valve: manual, electric, electromagnetic, pneumatic or hydraulic, electric linkage or electrohydraulic linkage, etc.

4. Determine the material of the valve housing and internal parts according to the medium, working pressure and working temperature conveyed by the pipeline: gray cast iron, malleable cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless acid-resistant steel, copper alloy, etc.

5 Choose the type of valve: closed-circuit valve, regulating valve, safety valve, etc.

6. Determine the type of valve: gate valve, globe valve, ball valve, butterfly valve, throttle valve, safety valve, pressure reducing valve, steam trap, etc.

7. Determine the parameters of the valve: For automatic valves, first determine the allowable flow resistance, discharge capacity, back pressure, etc., according to different needs, and then determine the nominal diameter of the pipeline and the diameter of the valve seat hole.

8. Determine the geometric parameters of the selected valve: structural length, flange connection form and size, valve height dimension after opening and closing, connecting bolt hole size and number, overall valve outline size, etc.

9. Use existing information: valve product catalogs, valve product samples, etc. to select appropriate valve products.


Valve selection basis:

1. The purpose, operating conditions and operation control mode of the selected valve.

2. The nature of the working medium: working pressure, working temperature, corrosion performance, whether it contains solid particles, whether the medium is toxic, whether it is a flammable or explosive medium, the viscosity of the medium, etc.

3. Requirements for valve fluid characteristics: flow resistance, discharge capacity, flow characteristics, sealing level, etc.

4. Requirements for installation dimensions and external dimensions: nominal diameter, connection to the pipeline and connection dimensions, external dimensions or weight restrictions, etc.

5. Additional requirements for the reliability and service life of valve products and the explosion-proof performance of electric devices. (Note when selecting parameters: If the valve is to be used for control purposes, the following additional parameters must be determined: operation method, maximum and minimum flow requirements, pressure drop for normal flow, pressure drop when closed, maximum and minimum inlets of the valve Pressure.)


According to the above-mentioned basis and steps for selecting valves, the internal structure of various types of valves must be understood in detail when selecting valves reasonably and correctly, so that the correct choice can be made for the preferred valve. The ultimate control of the pipeline is the valve. The valve opening and closing parts control the flow mode of the medium in the pipeline. The shape of the valve flow channel makes the valve have a certain flow characteristic. This must be considered when selecting the most suitable valve for the pipeline system.